Each province in Canada has its own uniqueness which can be derived not only from food and culture, but also from their flowers. So, it is interesting to know more about Canadian flowers. Here is the Canadian flowers list to get started.

The Canadian Flowers

#1. Wild Rose, the Provincial Flower of Alberta

Wild rose, known also as Prickly Rose, has the latin name Rosa acicularis. This beautiful flower is categorized in the rose (Rosaceae) family members, and it was adopted in 1930 to be Canada’s property, particularly the Province of Alberta, which is proven through the license since 1987. The flower’s distribution involves Northern America, Asia, and Europe; while it is specifically found in the habitat of part shade, boreal forest, lakeshore, rocky openings, and woodland edges

#2. Mountain Avens, the Provincial Flower of NWT

Similar to the Wild Rose, Mountain Avens also has its alternative name; white dryas. The Latin name is recognized Dryas octopelata while the family name is included in Rosacease. As what its name represents, this flower’s habitat is mostly found in mountains, across the northern Canada such as Yukon and Nunavut, the north of Arctic Circle and the south of rocky mountain in Alberta. Therefore, it can be assumed that the flower survives in rocky outcrops, meadows and moist places.

#3. The Pitcher Plant, the Provincial Flower of Newfoundland

The Pitcher plant, whose Latin name is Sarracenia purpurea, in 1954, became the provincial floral emblem of Newfoundland. It is included in the family of Nephentaceae. This flower blooms in acidic soil areas. As seen from its physical appearance, pitcher plant has tubular shaped leaves that have hairs and pointing downward, where the organ’s function is purposed to trap insectz which fall into it. There is the fluid at the bottom of the leaf, known as the digestive material so that it can trap and kill insects.

#4. White Trillium, the Provincial Flower of Ontario

This flower is named in Latin as Trillium rhomboideum grandiflorum and categorized as the Trilliaceae and Liliaceae family. White Trillium is the flower of Ontario, a province in Canada. Its habitat is in the forest, and it blooms well in sun or shades. The flowers are white and red with three-petal arrangements. The leaves appear simple and whorled. White Trillium’s height is measured in 20-50 cm, similar to 1-19 inches.

#5. Pacific Dogwood, the Provincial Flower of BC

Pacific Dogwood, also known as Cornus nuttallii, is named after Thomas Nuttall, an English botanist from 19th century. It is a dogwood species native to North America, from the southern British Columbia to southern California. Pacific dogwood is a small-sized deciduous tree that can reach 10-25 meter tall. The flowers are inconspicuous and small, produced in a rounded, greenish-white flower head with 2 cm diameter.

#6. Prairie Crocus, the Provincial Flower of Manitoba

Prairie Crocus, also known as Pulsatilla patens, is considered ornamentals due to its solitary bell-shaped flowers, finely-dissected leaves, and plumed seed heads. This flower is known toxic and produces oxytoxins and cardiogenic toxins, which slow the heart of humans. The toxins can result in vomiting, hypotension, diarrhoea, and coma. However, it can also be used as a medicine. For centuries, Blackfoot Indians made a medicine extracted from this flower to induce childbirth and abortions.

#7. Purple Violet, the Provincial Flower of New Brunswick

Purple violet, or also known as Viola cucullata, marsh blue violet, or hooded blue violet, is a flower under the genus viola originated from eastern North America. It can be found from Newfoundland west to Georgia. Purple Violet is a low-growing herbaceous plant that can reach 20 cm tall with 5-petal flowers. The leaves are simple in the form of cluster, up to 10 cms broad, with a margin and a long petiole. The colours of the flower are violet, dark blue and occasionally white.

#8. Mayflower, the Provincial Flower of Nova Scotia

Mayflower, or also known as Maianthemum canadense, is a perennial flowering plant originated from the conifer forests in the Northern United States and Canada, from Yukon to Newfoundland and Pennsylvania. This plant usually grows under both deciduous and evergreen trees. The plant can reach 25 cm tall with 1-3 leaves with 12-25 white flowers in clusters above the leaves. The flowers consist of 4 petals and 4 stamens, produced from late sprint to midsummer.

#9. Purple Saxifrage, the Provincial Flower of Nunavut

Purple Saxifrage, or also known as Saxifraga oppositifolia or purple mountain saxifrage, is an edible plant native to the high Arctic, Britain, the Rocky Mountains and the Alps. It is a low-growing, densely matted plant that can reach 5 cm tall. The flowers are solitary with purple petals on short stalks, and the diameter can reach about 0.5 inches.

#10. Lady’s Slipper, the Provincial Flower of PEI

Lady’s slipper, or also known as Cypripedioideae, slipper orchid, or lady slipper orchid, is a type of orchid with slipper-shaped pouches of the flowers. This orchid is found in North America, Europe and Asia. This orchid is considered ” diandrous” due to its two fertile anthers.

#11. Blue Flag, the Provincial Flower of Quebec

Blue Flag, or also known as Iris Versicolor, Harlequin Blueflag, Larger Blue Flag, Northern Blue Flag or Poison Flag, is a plant originated from North America and can be found in marshes, sedge meadows, stream banks and shores. It is a flowering herbaceous plant that can reach 80 cms tall. Its flower has 6 sepals and petals in two forms. The colour of the flowers is light to deep blue, and blooms from May to July.

#12. Western Red Lily, the Provincial Flower of Saskatchewan

Western Red Lily, or also known as Lilium philadelphicum, Philadelphia Lily or Wood Lily, is a lily species originated from North America and can be found in all provinces of Canada and in most central and eastern states. This plant grows up to 90 cms and has orange or red blooms from June to August.

#13. Fireweed, the Provincial Flower of Yukon

Firewood, or also known as Chamerion angustifolium, Great Willow-Herb or Rosebay Willowherb, is a herbaceous plant in the family Onagraceae originated from Northern Hemisphere including the boreal forests. The flowers have 4 magenta-to-pink petals with a diameter of 2-3 cms, and 4 stigmas in symmetrical terminal racemes.

Margarita Benyammine

Web Assistant at Pixeletta Consultations
One of my first part-time jobs was at a Flower Shop – I have a passion for web design, SEO and fabulous floral arrangements.

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